While there is no such thing as a particular remedy for anxiety, a team of researchers sheds light on the source of unease and rigidity to help effectively treat anxiety as soon because the signs seem.
The examine carried out by researchers of the University of Trento, which has simply been revealed in Scientific Reports, pursues these targets and helps draw a line between different aspects of anxiety and to search out the best therapy for every one.
The team of researchers centered on what goes on within the mind of folks with the 2 most important varieties of the situation: trait and state anxiety, respectively the short-term and the stable, persistent type of the illness.
Nicola De Pisapia, a researcher of the Department of Psychology and Cognitive Science of the University of Trento and scientific coordinator of the examine, defined the distinction between the 2: “If you are feeling very tense today, but you usually are calm and quiet, you have high state and low trait anxiety.”
“Whereas if you are unusually quiet, while in general you feel nervous, you may have low state and high trait anxiety. Therefore, state anxiety is a temporary condition, while trait anxiety is usually a stable feature of a person,” the researcher said.
Clinical expertise reveals, amongst different things, that people with trait anxiety have difficulties managing aggravating conditions, are in danger of melancholy, have altered cognitive capabilities, are much less socially aggressive and have a tendency to develop psychopathological problems.
Differentiating between trait and state anxiety is useful to decide on probably the most acceptable therapy for sufferers and to forestall the situation from turning into persistent.
“Our study makes it clear that it is fundamental to treat individuals with state anxiety so that they do not develop trait anxiety, which is a chronic condition. One way to treat it is to reduce anxiety as soon as it manifests itself, for example using relaxation techniques, physical activity, and other means that improve personal well-being in general”, commented De Pisapia.
The aim of the examine was to higher perceive the neural bases of the 2 varieties of anxiety.
“Our research group studied and investigated with MRI the anatomy and activity of the brain at rest in more than 40 individuals. We then correlated our measurements to variations in state and trait anxiety in the participants in the study with standard questionnaires which are also used in clinical practice,” commented De Pisapia.
De Pisapia added, “We found that the most stable aspects of trait anxiety are associated with specific anatomic traits which are therefore constant, and lead to developing repetitive and self-generated negative thoughts, while the features of state anxiety correlate to functional connectivity of the brain, which is a transient and dynamic activity”.
In different phrases, trait anxiety correlates to everlasting anatomic features (within the anterior cingulate cortex and medial prefrontal cortex) whereas state anxiety manifests with short-term reactions within the mind exercise.
The examine carried out by the University of Trento additionally led to findings that may be helpful in scientific follow.
“Based on our results- a strategic improvement in anxiety regulation in high trait anxiety individuals could be achieved via pharmacological and/or neurostimulation methods (for example with Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation or transcranial Direct Current Stimulation). Finally, these findings may lead to the creation of new diagnostic tools and treatments aimed at ameliorating the symptoms of anxiety disorders and treat them before they become chronic”, concluded Nicola De Pisapia.
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